It was necessary that copyright laws be revised to take into account technological strides that were being made in radio, sound recordings, motions pictures and more. The Copyright Law Act of 1976 preempted all previous laws that were on the books in the United States, including the Copyright Act of 1909.
The Copyright Law Act of 1976 defines â€œworks of authorshipâ€ to include all of the following:Â
- Musical works
- Literary works
- Dramatic works
- Pictorial, sculptural and graphics
- Motion Pictures and Audiovisuals
- Sound Recordings
- Choreographic Works and Pantomimes
- An eighth work which falls under â€œarchitectural worksâ€ was later added in 1990.
What is unique about the United States copyright law is that it is automatic. Once someone has an idea and produces it in tangible form, the creator is the copyright holder and has the authority to enforce his exclusivity to it. In other words, the person is the owner of the creation. It is not necessary that a person register their work. However, it is recommended and it can serve as evidence if someone ever violates a copyright.
Violations of US Copyright Laws are generally enforced in a civil court setting. However, there could also be criminal sanctions brought against someone who violates US copyright laws. Someone who is in serious violation of US Copyright Laws, such as counterfeiting, can find themselves on the inside of prison. People need to understand that the copyright symbol is not a requirement. Someone may have a copyright, yet their work may not have a copyright notice or symbol.
US Copyright Law covers a wide range of things that are derived from artistic expression, intellectual or creative work. This includes things such as literary works, music, drawings, photographs, software, movies, choreographic works such as ballets and plays, poems, paintings and more. The law covers the form of expression, not the concept, facts or the actual idea of the work. This means that someone can use another personâ€™s idea or concept and produce their own take on it. However, copying another personâ€™s work is a violation. Some things may not be copyrighted but they may be protected by a patent or trademark.
Individuals who have a copyright on a particular piece of work can do what they want with it. They may choose to copy it and sell it. They may display their work or perform it in public and charge admission, or they can assign or sell the work to someone else. Individuals who have a copyright can also choose to do nothing with their work, if that is their desire. However, if someone comes along and takes the work and tries to use it in some way, that person is still in violation of the ownerâ€™s copyright. The Copyright Law Act covers published and unpublished works.
About The Author: Richard Cunningham is a freelance journalist who covers copyright law for http://www.researchcopyright.com/. Download his free e-book, â€œCopyright Basicsâ€ .
. Download his free e-book, â€œCopyright Basicsâ€ .. Download his free e-book, â€œCopyright Basicsâ€ .